Facts About Colorado

Facts about Colorado is a collection of interesting facts, fitures, information about people, places. and history of the state. I hope you find these facts enjoyable and fun.

Facts About Colorado

Denver is the state Capitol
Colorado became a state on August 1, 1876 (38th)
The State nickname is “Centennial State”
The State Motto is Nil Sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)
Colorado is Spanish for the color red, which was applied to the Colorado River
Colorado is the 8th largest state with 104,247 sq. miles
State Animal: Rocky Mountain Big Horn Sheep
State Bird: Lark Bunting
State Flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine (aquilegia caerules)
State Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce (picea pungens)
State Song: Where the Columbines Grow
State Fish: Greenback Cutthroat Trout
State Folk Dance: Square Dance
State Fossil: Stegosaurus
State Gem Stone: Aquamarine
State Grass: Blue Grama Grass
State Insect: Colorado Hairstreak Butterfly
State Tartan: State Tartan
State Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce
State Mineral: Rhodochorsite
Highest mountain: Elbert (14,431)


1. The five major rivers in the state are: Arkansas, Colorado, Gunnison, Rio Grande, and South Platte

2. Colorado is the only state in history, to turn down the Olympics by a vote of the people.

3. The United States Air Force Academy is located in Colorado Springs.

4. The world’s largest flat-top mountain is in Grand Mesa near Grand Junction

5. Denver is the birthplace of the cheeseburger. In 1935 to Louis Ballast trademarked the name Cheeseburger.

6. The highest paved road in North America is the Mt. Evans Road at 14,258 Ft. above sea level.

7. Colorado means “colored red” and is known as the “Centennial State.” 8. More than 1/3 of the land in Colorado is public land.

9. Colorado contains 75% of the land area of the U.S. with an altitude over 10,000 feet.

10. Colorado has 222 state wildlife areas.

11. The 13th step of the state capital building in Denver is exactly 1 mile high above sea level.

12. Bored at an elevation of 11,000, The Dwight Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel is the highest auto tunnel in the world. It is 8,960 feet long under the Continental Divide


13. Leadville is the highest incorporated city in the United States at 10,430 feet elevation. Because there were lots of towns with “silver” in their name, the founding fathers suggested Lead, thus Leadville.

14. After being inspired by the view from Pikes Peak, Katherine Lee Bates wrote “America the Beautiful”

15. The World’s First Rodeo was held on July 4th, 1869 in Deer Trail. 16. Every January in Denver, The Western Stock Show has the worlds largest Rodeo.

17. Dove Creek is the “Pinto Bean” capital of the world.

18. Great Sand Dunes National Monument at Alamosa has the tallest sand dune in America. The park is 46,000-acrees with some of the dunes reaching 700 feet.

19. Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike explored this area in 1806. The mountain carries his name.

20. Colorado has the highest mean altitude of all the states.

21. Mesa Verde features elaborate four-story high sandstone cities are built in the cliffs by the Anasazi Pueblo people between 600 and 1300 A.D. The sudden disappearance of the thousands of inhabitants is a mystery.

22. The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad has been in continuous operation since 1881.


23. The world’s largest natural hot springs pool is located in Glenwood Springs. The two-block long pool is across the street from the historic Hotel Colorado.

24. The Hotel Colorado was the Western White House for President Teddy Roosevelt. 25. Colorado’s Four Corners in the southwest is the only place in America where four states meet. They are Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah.

26. There are nearly 20 rivers whose headwaters begin in Colorado, with the Continental Divide directing each river’s course.

27. The big rivers are the Arkansas, Colorado, Gunnison, Rio Grande, and South Platte

28. In 1859, John Gregory discovered gold in Gregory gulch near Central City. Within two weeks, the gold rush was on and within two months the population grew to 10,000 people Central city was known as “The Richest Square Mile on Earth”.

29. John Henry “Doc” Holliday’s, the gunfighter, gambler, and dentist, died in the Hotel Glenwood in Glenwood Springs on November 8, 1887. He succumbed to tuberculosis. He is buried in Linwood Century.

30. In Fruita, the town folk have an annual festal and monument to ‘Mike the Headless Chicken’. It seems that a farmer named L.A. Olsen cut off Mike’s head on September 10, 1945, but according to legend, Mike lived for another 4 years without a head.

More to come as I find them.